UPPER OKAVANGO, ELECTRIFICATION VISION PRESENTATION

UPPER OKAVANGO, ELECTRIFICATION VISION PRESENTATION

Luanda, 2 September 2021,

On September 2nd, 2021. Gesto presented to the Ministry of Energy and Water of Angola (MINEA) the final results of the Cuando-Cubango Energy 2040, a study that presents a vision for the electrification of the province in harmony with the ecosystem of the Cubanbo-Okavango river basin.

The Cuando Cubango Energia 2040 project aimed to identify and study alternative paths or scenarios based on renewable energy for the future of Cuando Cubango Province in the 2040 horizon, allowing policy makers to choose the best path for the region and to identify the requirements to make the chosen scenario a reality. The ultimate goal of the project was to find a sustainable vision that allows human development in the region to take place in harmony and balance with the ecosystems associated with the Cubango-Okavango river system.

Figure: The International Cubango-Okavango River Basin  (Source: https://www.researchgate.net)
Figure: The International Cubango-Okavango River Basin (Source: https://www.researchgate.net)

The project encompassed three specific objectives:

    1. Assess the feasibility (e.g. technical, economic and political) and evaluate the interest of key stakeholders (investors, project developers and communities) and decision makers in the Angolan national and provincial governments in achieving the energy goals of Cuando-Cubango Province using land based renewable energy sources with a lower ecological impact.
    2. To constructively engage with the national and provincial governments of Angola, providing recommendations on the best renewable energy projects and their location in order to ensure security of renewable energy supply in Cuando-Cubango province with the least possible impact on the ecosystems of the Okavango River Basin.
    3. Provide guidance and guidelines on sources of investments for the development of lower impact renewable energy.

Figure: Spatial distribution of the population in Cuando Cubango - population estimates for 2020 (Source: Gesto analysis)
Figure: Spatial distribution of the population in Cuando Cubango - population estimates for 2020 (Source: Gesto analysis)

BASES FOR SYSTEM PLANNING

The scenarios were developed to satisfy the expected strong growth in demand for electricity in the Province. The historical consumption peak is expected to quintuple from around 50 MW to an estimated value between 235 and 326 MW in 2040. More than 80% of consumption will be concentrated in the capital of the Province – Menongue.

ANALYSIS AND COMPARISON OF ALTERNATIVE SCENARIOS FOR POWER SUPPLY IN THE PROVINCE

Five supply scenarios were defined and studied: two “Business as Usual” scenarios that follow current practices at provincial and national level, and three alternative visions, with a special focus on solar energy, the resource with the greatest potential in the Province. In all scenarios, which represent different technological visions, the generation capacities were defined to comply with the planning safety criteria and the required investments and running costs were estimated  – allowing for comparisons between scenarios.

VISION IMPLEMENTATION

Three alternative visions were presented. The visions combined economic criteria and minimization of environmental impact, guaranteeing sustainable access to electricity in the Province.